Saturday, May 25, 2024

How to plan for the benefit of agriculture

  • Ginger farming!

Agriculture in the state is predominant in Aurangabad and Satara districts. Although Solapur district is not famous for some ginger cultivation, it is known that Pradeep Gaikwad made ginger cultivation successful here.

In Solapur district, formerly known as the belt of drought, stubborn, hardworking farmers have recently successfully carried out various farming experiments with confidence. This has increased the demand for Sangola Pomegranate, Karmala Banana, and other fruits in the world market. During this visit, the cultivation done by Pradeep Gaikwad, a young farmer from Padsali village in North Solapur taluka, is also unearthed. Gaikwad has brought together about 200 farmers of his village and has successfully cultivated about 500 acres. His smart work has been done very well, technology like Tractor matters a lot. Now with this, he has successfully experimented with the cultivation of ginger in his seven-acre area.

Gaikwad has made a mark in agricultural experimentation through his hard work, precise market technology, and intellectual prowess. Ginger is not produced anywhere in the Solapur district. Ginger, which is an integral part of cooking, is widely grown in Marathwada, Aurangabad region, Kannada, and Sillod region. Also, some farmers are cultivating ale in the Koregaon area of ​​the adjoining Satara district. Since the Gaekwads were fond of experimenting with new farming, they were curious to see how they could not move to the Kannada, Sillod region, including Koregaon. The information was obtained after discussing it with the concerned farmers. Thinking that we too can do such farming, he decided to cultivate ginger for five-six years. Gaikwad had planted ginger in an area of ​​seven acres last year after realizing that there was no problem in the cultivation of ginger in his area as the geographical environment of the Solapur region is also conducive for ginger cultivation. According to Gaikwad, three-four things are important for the cultivation of ginger. In this first one has to consider the duration of cultivation of ginger. Ginger is planted in two months from April 10 to June 10. This is because the temperature is higher during ginger cultivation during this period. Germination can be excellent when temperatures rise. Unlike other common crops or vegetables, ginger cannot be grown at any time of the year. This matter is of paramount importance. Another important issue is related to land. Medium and light soils are very nutritious for ginger crops. Land with proper drainage is useful. The water will not stop and no matter how much rain falls, it is necessary to drain the land. In October last year, many parts of the state including the Solapur district had received heavy rains. The farm was badly damaged. The farmers were financially paralyzed. However, heavy rains did not affect Gaikwad’s ginger farm. Because he had come to make the best arrangement for the drainage of water in the field. Due to a good drainage line, ginger cultivation was going on smoothly in Gaikwad’s field. But no matter how well you plan, other problems arise. According to Gaikwad, the cultivation of ginger is prone to pests and diseases. Tuberculosis is a symptom of a disease called tuberculosis. The selection of land for this is expected to be good. Due to this precaution taken by Gaikwad, there was no more problem of diseases and pests. The third point when cultivating ginger is that the process we choose while planting ginger is very important. There was a mistake in that and if you don’t get a good seed, no matter how hard you try, the product will not come out well. This is another important factor. Farming is completely new to many farmers. Farmers also do not know much about the method of selection of seedlings for planting and the process after taking the seedlings. Ginger is used for transplantation. While doing the necessary process in the process of making Adhi, first the bags should be covered from above and the colors should be covered. It is important to keep it covered and moist. Benis’ eyes will drop in the next month. After that, they were planted. Many farmers are unaware of the pre-sowing process. Therefore the cultivation of ginger is not being successful. With this in mind, it is safe to start planting. Varieties should be considered when cultivating ginger. Although it has four or five varieties, the variety named ‘Mahima’ is nutritious for cultivation in our area. Gaikwad dealt with the matter with experience. According to Gaikwad, if this variety of ginger is cultivated, then its production will be very high and it will have good demand in the market. Thus, after the sowing of ginger, the outbreak of disease named ‘Kandakuj’ and the outbreak of larvae named ‘Kandamashi’ usually starts in the month of October. The farmers who want to cultivate ginger successfully should not go to the farmer who has sown ginger till the end of October. Gaikwad advises that if the area under ginger cultivation is good by October 30, the disease outbreak is completely under control, then surely the seedlings will be of good quality and such plants should be procured for cultivation. it’s march

  • Threefold profit from Kalingad cultivation
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Agriculture in Konkan can be profitable if new crops are grown alongside traditional paddy cultivation. Vinay Maruti Lokhande from Karjat taluka has proved this. After planting Kharif paddy, he planted watermelon in his field as a double crop. From this cultivation, they got 10 tons of watermelon production from two acres and got a triple profit.

Raigad district is known as the granary. However, due to increasing industrialization, the agricultural sector in the district is declining rapidly. At such times it is necessary to cultivate high-yielding crops in less time. The irrigation area is limited. Lack of agricultural labor and rising wage rates pose many challenges to agriculture. At such times, farmers need to cultivate new and high-yielding crops without getting bogged down in conventional crops. This matter came to the notice of Lokhande.

The project was implemented in Rajna to irrigate agriculture in Karjat taluka. This enriched the agriculture here. Paddy was cultivated in two phases, Kharif and rabi. However, due to lack of proper maintenance, the Rajna canal became inoperable and the water supply to agriculture was cut off. Therefore, the farmers in this area faced challenges. Due to lack of water, it was not possible to cultivate paddy in summer. Therefore, Lokhande was forced to look for alternative crops in low water. From this, he took the option of cultivating vegetables. He planted vegetables on five acres of his farm. But it did not yield satisfactory income. So he decided to cultivate watermelon in the field. Initially, watermelon was cultivated on only two acres. Considering the scarcity of water, polythene milling paper was laid on the waffles and a drip irrigation system was used. Seeds, drip irrigation, milch paper, fertilizers, pesticides, labor, and other expenses cost him Rs. 70,000 for two acres of land.

In a month and a half, 10 acres of watermelon was produced in two acres. These watermelons were sold in the markets of Panvel and Karjat. These watermelons were in great demand in the market as they weighed more than four kilos. He said that the profit from this sale was three times the cost. He explained that the record-breaking production of watermelons has been achieved due to modern methods of cultivation, proper use of fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, and scientific management. Lokhande has shown that agriculture in the district can be profitable if new crops are grown using modern technology by splitting the traditional crops. There is no doubt that if other farmers follow his example, agriculture in Konkan, which is considered a loss-making business, can be profitable.

  • ‘Lakhpati’ per acre

If more crops are grown in the available farms, the farmer can live happily, said Kaneri Math. The incredible task of growing 188 crops in just one acre has been successfully completed here. Kadsiddheshwar Swami, the abbot of Siddhagiri Math in Kaneri (Tal. Karveer) has implemented this concept. A unique model of planned farming has been created from this experiment which has awakened a new hope for the smallholders.

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As the population grew, so did the area of ​​arable land, which was increasing in proportion to the number of families. It became more and more difficult for the farmers to make ends meet on a small farm. If you take more and more crops in the same field, you can overcome it and live happily. The incredible task of growing 188 crops in just one acre has been successfully completed here. Shri Kadsiddheshwar Swami, the abbot of Shri Siddhagiri Math at Kaneri (Tal. Karveer) has given concrete form to this concept. A unique model of planned farming has been created from this unique experiment which has awakened a new hope for the smallholders. If Baliraja takes up this planned farm without any hesitation, his family will not have to go anywhere else to work or there will be no need to bring outside labor in his field. This farm has been named Swavalambi Lakhpati Sheti for Swabhimani, the Swavalambi family. This experiment makes it possible for a family of four to earn more than one lakh rupees per acre in a year. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has expressed his intention to develop this project across the state. Some farmers have even started paying the price.

The problems are big when it comes to farming. Sometimes Asmani and sometimes Sultani crisis. After overcoming many problems like fertilizer, electricity, seeds, water supply, a guarantee of agricultural produce, agricultural labor, lack of modern machinery, the farmer becomes helpless while farming. On the other hand, the area of ​​separation due to the segregated family system is decreasing day by day. In such a situation, Kadsiddheshwar Swamy wondered what he would have to do to be able to cultivate in a small area, at low cost, at home. The Kaneri monastery, which has a tradition of 1400 years, focuses on how to solve the basic problems of the people. Taking this idea forward, in fact, shaping it, Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj has successfully started a one lakh acre farming project. The project has become important against the backdrop of rising production costs, unaffordable prices for agricultural commodities, and the resulting economic woes of farmers, as well as rising suicide rates. All the vegetables, fruits, flowers, and spices needed to support a full-grown family were also grown on the farm. By selling vegetables and flowers in the field, a farmer can easily earn an income of one and a half to two lakh rupees per year. This is an experiment that will make the farmer self-sufficient as he can do organic farming in less water. Droughts are frequent in some parts of the state. Drought is on the rise due to a lack of water. Let’s take a look at how this Lakhpati farm can be able to meet the needs of the family with the help of available water and proper planning.

It was a farm that used to go from outside with only clothes, salt, slippers, soap, and sticks and give a mantra to be happy by doing such farming. Twenty thousand liters of water is used daily for this farm and house. If there is not enough water, a coupon pipe should be dug. If water is used sparingly in the field using mulch, even half of the water will be used. A native cow is required for milk, manure, and fuel (biogas). Full use of land is one of the characteristics of this farm. How can this farm be profitable if two people of the house live in this field every day? This project has been achieved by allocating specific space in one acre for specific things. One acre area includes cash crops like a house, barn, toilet, manure gas, kitchen garden, goat, sheep, poultry, sugarcane, soybean, stevia, marigold, aster, Galata, various crops for fodder, vegetables, tubers, fruits, foliage, Have come. The project provides for the family to earn at least four to five hundred rupees a day by selling flowers and vegetables. From all kinds of grains to all kinds of leafy vegetables, pulses, various types of pumpkins are also included here. From beet to various flowers required for worship are also planted here. All the commodities are being grown in this field by listing all the commodities required by the farmer for his daily life. Varieties like tur, home-grown pumpkins, corn kernels, brinjals, strawberries, which produce crops for three years in a row, are seen here. 36 tons of sugarcane is grown in just 10 guns. Organic jaggery made from sugarcane gives a good price. Emphasis has been placed on organic farming by avoiding the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. According to the agriculture officials who provide guidance in this field, it is a vegetable that produces enough vegetables, fruits and produces it in a natural way.

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The project is aimed at making every family in the village adopt this method of farming, which will surely enable them to become financially viable and realize the concept of self-sufficient villages. Even if farming is done for the purpose of subsistence, not just for income, it can be profitable. So many crops can be grown in one acre. Kadsiddheshwar Swamy has tried to cultivate a new hope for agriculture. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, who was present at the Indian Culture Festival held at Kaneri, expressed his intention to develop this experiment of organic farming across the state. If this project is implemented across the state and with the help of the government, it will be possible for the farmers to get more profit from the planned farming.

As many as 188 crops are grown in Lakhpati farm as follows: tuber vegetables – 16, cereals – 20, fruit vegetables – 13, fruit trees – 20, flowers – 10, vine vegetables – 17, leafy vegetables – 18, spice crops – 12, fodder crops – 7, medicinal plants – 11, other useful plants, crops, vines – 40, graft – 4.

  • Barrels covered with vegetables

The best use is made of barrels lying in the field. At least twenty vegetables can be grown in one barrel. If a family decides to grow vegetables at home and use them, a barrel covered with vegetables shows how it is possible. In more than twenty places, the barrel has been cut into different slices, with one vegetable in each slice.

  • How to manage agricultural risks?

Considering the various risks involved in agribusiness, farmers have to face risks mainly in production. Several factors are responsible for the exposure in products. Expected yield in agribusiness due to factors like climate change, crop pests, diseases, weeds, inadequate technology, etc. It is important to manage the risks in production to achieve the expected success in agribusiness.

A variety of risks and potential hazards in agribusiness add to the uncertainty in agribusiness. Drought, excess rainfall, and climate change are major challenges to agriculture. Considering the various risks involved in agribusiness, farmers have to face risks mainly in production. Several factors are responsible for the exposure in products. Expected yield in agribusiness due to factors like climate change, crop pests, diseases, weeds, inadequate technology, etc. Farmers are not guaranteed the expected yield after planting at the end of the season. The area under crops changes every season or sudden climatic changes like drought, flood situations destroy the entire crop. In addition, pests and diseases on crops, wild animals, etc. affect and damage crop yields. It is important to manage the risks in production to achieve the expected success in agribusiness. The following points need to be considered for the management of risk and potential hazards in agricultural production.

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A Aadithya is a content creator who publishes articles, thoughts, and stories on a blog, focusing on a specific niche. They engage with their audience through relatable content, multimedia, and interacting with readers through comments and social media.

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